Ecological Designed Farm focuses on soil,”vegan” compost, etc.


Soil Health: Composting Organics, A Rational Approach

A long time ago, prior to founding the OK Composting Council, the goal for composting was literally Composting for Local Foods and Soil Health. Few thought the mission was viable favoring industrial or “business” approaches to composting so the mission was dropped by consensus in 2004 for the industrial model to appeal to broader audiences. Yet, the industrial model is limiting or linear in approach and has always bothered me because it doesn’t include farmers and/or all interests which says something about our believes being hedged more in profits over a more balanced or sustainable approach that considers all interests. What are all the interests? We might consider more people like farmers, the soil and those that live in soil or the environment, and profit together instead. The broader and more balanced approach is a systems or sustainable approach.

Taking another view, ever wonder why we throw away organic debris in the first place? It’s probably related to policies and practices that condition us to accept linear ideas and assimilating them overtime as cultural values and beliefs.

Today, some may believe such disposal creates economic development or jobs related to picking up and disposing of organics in landfills and some extend their vision to harvesting biogas from landfills. Yet, if we step out of our culture and examine nature we can find better solutions. The same is true in agricultural systems.

There is no waste in nature or natural systems. Everything in nature is used in place or perhaps moved by wind or water and/or reformed by microbes and used again as nutrients, carbon/water storage, and food. Nature’s system is circular which some educators refer to as systems thinking. Whatever we call repurposing organics, almost everywhere in the world and especially in Oklahoma there is an opportunity to compost organic debris locally to restore soil health and increase soils water storage capacity to ease the costs of producing foods or labor, energy, and input costs. And if we build alternative models or systems whether urban or rural to repurpose organic debris we can reverse the process of landfill disposal and relearn to follow natures guidance where there is no waste and where everything has another purpose which will create jobs and restore soil health and other environmental functions. These are the goals and mission of the agroecology work and educational tours on my farm.

Let’s hope the New Year brings more interest in repurposing of organics to build better soils in Oklahoma and beyond!

Kathy Moore, Owner
Anichini Moore Ranch & Farm
Phone: (405) 823-8295
Founder: OK Composting Council

Composting for Local Foods , Tahlequah, OK February 24, 2012

We were most honored to be a guest speaker at the Tahlequah Food Policies Conference in February. Below is one of the handouts we prepared that may aid others looking for composting information in Oklahoma – Kathy

Composting Project Considerations (Basic & Brief)

Related to Local Foods, Jobs, Public Health, & Food Sovereignty Issues

Kathy Moore, Anichini – Moore Ranch & Farm &

OK Composting Council

Cell Phone: 405/823-8295

Local Foods Conference, Tahlequah, OK, February 24, 2012

Composting Definition: Composting is a systems approach to managing organic residuals or wastes. Composting recycles organic residuals (plant residues & possibly manures) involving knowledge and skill. Composting is a biological process that manages organic residuals or waste materials that may avoid environmental problems. Composting is an alternative to land filling and creates a useful soil amendment that helps to build fertile soil and water holding capacity. Composting is a risk management tool that saves growers money by substituting compost for fertilizer, reduces water use, pests and disease and other costs.

Recipe: Composting involves a variable recipe of four ingredients: carbon, nitrogen, air, and water. The carbon to nitrogen ration is between 25 to 1 or 30 to 1 or 25 to 30 parts carbon and 1 part nitrogen; moisture is between 45% to 60% moisture.

Recycling Resources or Feed Stocks: Carbon and nitrogen can come from a variety of organic residual resources such as yard debris, pre consumer vegetative matter, egg shells, coffee grounds, woody materials, straw, paper, card board, grocery store produce, breads, livestock manure, and other organic materials.

Kathy Moore, Anichini – Moore Ranch & Farm Page 2

Local Foods Conference, Tahlequah, OK, February 24, 2012

Equipment: Scale Equipment to size of operation. Various small tools are available from compost spinners, pitch forks for turning to larger scale equipment. Compost manufacture may involve a tractor with bucket loader, windrow turner, manure spreader, temperature probes, and covers or buildings.

Management: Varies based on scale of composting endeavor. Education is imperative! Steps may include collection of organic residuals, mixing, record keeping, temperature readings, turning, equipment, time, and turning when temperatures are above 130 degrees five times in 15 days. If temperature reaches above 160 degrees compost requires turning and possibly addition of moisture. Composting may cause combustion or fires so management is vital!

Uses: Compost has many applications in a wide variety of horticultural, agricultural, gardening, nursery, conservation, yard care, golf course, and local foods production. It may reduce production costs for farmers, backyard growers; reduces pollution, erosion, storm water, and sediment; filters and increases ground water supply; increases disease and negative insect pressures while aiding pollinators or beneficial insects; and creates jobs based on recycling or using discarded resources productively verse mining resources.

Community Composting: Requires leadership or community and public interest and commitment.

Kathy Moore, Anichini – Moore Ranch & Farm Page 3

Local Foods Conference, Tahlequah, OK, February 24, 2012

Planning: Are there appropriate available sites or locations? Is there municipality support? Education, relationships and commitment are crucial!

Financial: Varies from low input costs with volunteers to extensive contingent upon business or municipal endeavor and many additional factors.

Income or Sales: May require licensing and permits plus testing, equipment to bag or load and capital. Sales of yard waste based compost products vary contingent on demand. Many compost producers use compost primarily for their own crop production to reduce fertilizer and other input costs for either wholesale or direct marketing produce or other crops.

Permits: Maybe required for large scale composting endeavors. Contact ODEQ (Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality), Fenton Rood, for more information. There maybe local zoning and storm water management issues to address. Typically, no permits are required for back yard scale composting projects.

Social: Creates community, benefits soil, water, air, plants, quality of life, can create jobs, economic benefits and contribute to public health.

Education and community support: Education and community support should be on going! Both are critical and key to successful composting endeavors!

Kathy Moore, Anichini – Moore Ranch & Farm Page 4

Local Foods Conference, Tahlequah, OK, February 24, 2012

Note: Composting requires knowledge, skill, management and education. Large scale projects may require permits, consultants, and trained managers. Composting information and regulations are evolving and constantly changing. Information is provided as guidance only. Anyone interested in making compost requires more information than contained in this brief. The internet offers multiple resources or contact the Oklahoma Composting Council for more information.

Kathy Moore, Owner
Anichini Moore Ranch & Farm
Founder: OK Composting Council

Composting Creates Healthy Soil

Thanks to Rowynn Ricks, Woodward News, for recognizing International Composting Week ( USCC_ICAW11_Postertoprint) on May 5, 2011. She visited the Anichini-Moore Ranch and Farm to talk with Kathy Moore, cofounder of the Oklahoma Composting Council. Ms. Moore wants to help others realize that compost “can do amazing things” to help rehabilitate soil. Article here:

Co-Founder, Kathy Moore, Receives OSU 2011 Green Award for Sustainability

Earlier this year, Kathy Moore, was nominated by peers for her dedication and hard work to support sustainability. Oklahoma State University recognized Kathy’s work by awarding her the 2011 Green Award for Sustainability. Ms. Moore, owns and operates Anichini – Moore Ranch and Farm, and is a co-founder of the Oklahoma Composting Council. Click here for OSU award article, scroll down the page.
Anichini-Moore Ranch and Farm is a small farm and local foods related business in Woodward, OK. They grow and direct market what they call “ecologically grown” grass fed meats and produce that are available from their farm, some farmers markets, through their Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) subscriptions, and through the Oklahoma Food Cooperative.
Our belief is that by collaborating versus competing we can grow recycling and local foods related businesses into sustainably interdependent enterprises that grow tourism, create jobs, improve quality of life and revitalize rural economies without mining our natural resources.
Anichini-Moore are willing partners or collaborators with others believing in the multiplier effect of networking to grow receptivity to and provide education. They are member number 102 in the Food Cooperative of early adopters of locally and sustainably grown foods. And, members of the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association, Chefs Collaborative, Oklahoma Composting Council, and the Oklahoma Sustainability Network. Last November, Kathy and the farm organized the first Sustainable Agriculture Field day in Woodward, OK. Scroll down the page after you Click here to learn about the event.

Little Changes That Add Up to A Big Difference (Pick 5 Simple Steps)

Need Information About Oklahoma State University’s Sustainable Agriculture Program? The Link Below Will Lead You There!